Human bacteria based textile – Bio-Material.

Human bacteria based textile – Bio-Material.

From my notes of my lectures i found that i have learnt a little about biomaterials :-

Growing Fabrics

  • Alternative to petrochemicals or plants as a raw material for textile products.
  • Biocouture explores growing microbes to create textile/leather type bio material.
  • The fermentation of bacteria forms a dense layer, flexible cellulose mat that can then be harvested.
  • Takes dye easily and can be printed.
  • Safe to compost- feels like vegetable leather.

Biomaterial – Human microorganism textile

Where does it come from?

Who is it made by?

What fibre type is it?

How is it Manufactured?

What it cant do and why?

What is it properties?

The human bacteria is a byproduct made by humans. The fibre type is a natural bio-fibre. Human microbiome (bacteria), the trillions of microbes that live in and on the human body.

“We now understand that humans are 90% microbial but only 10% human. The average human has over 100 trillion microbes in and on their body, and many of the latest discoveries are challenging previously held ideas about good and bad bacteria. We are witnessing the shift from a World ruled by the antibacterial obsessed and non-stop antibacterial marketing, to one that has a heightened awareness of the importance of the microbial ecosystem (the microbiome).” 

National Research Council, 2008. Achievements of the National Plant Genome Initiative and New Horizons in Plant Biology . 1st ed. New York: National Academies Press.

Human Microbiome gives off chemicals that allow us to harness them and turn them into antibiotics. 

Human bacteria can be placed onto textiles proven by sonja bäumel:- 

0102

Baumel, S, (2009), Bacteria Textile [ONLINE]. Available at: http://www.sonjabaeumel.at/works[Accessed 01 January 15].

The natural layer of bacteria on the protagonist’s skin was removed and then placed onto the textiles. These Texile pieces were then kept in room temperature with a slight damp atmosphere (these are great conditions for the growth of bacteria). 

It has been said that our bacteria can be the answer to some of our medical problems. Human microbiome can be made into medicines and be used to help/heal some health problems. 

“Our bacteria are involved in a wide range of metabolic and developmental processes, from food digestion to vitamin synthesis. Recently, scientists have even suggested the gut microbiome may offer clues about autism.” 

Paddock, C PHD. 2014. Antibiotics found in human body bacteria. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/282636.php. [Accessed 14 January 15].

“Now in this latest study, the researchers suggest the human microbiome may be a rich source of naturally occurring drugs for protecting health. In a way, it should not be surprising that our microbiomes make drugs. Prof. Fischbach, who specializes in discovering interesting molecules made by microbes, says around a third of all the drugs we use come from microbes and plants. These include antibiotics like penicillin, many chemotherapy drugs, and drugs for lowering cholesterol.”

Paddock, C PHD. 2014. Antibiotics found in human body bacteria. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/282636.php. [Accessed 14 January 15].

“In their study, he and his colleagues purified and solved the structure of lactocillin, an antibiotic compound that is produced by a common bacterial species, Lactobacillus gasseri, found in microbial colonies in the vagina. It is closely related to antibiotics that pharmaceutical companies are already testing. It kills several bacteria that infect the vagina, while leaving harmless microbes intact.”

Paddock, C PHD. 2014. Antibiotics found in human body bacteria. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/282636.php. [Accessed 14 January 15].

bacteria-in-a-petri-dish

 

Unknown, (2014), Lactocillin [ONLINE]. Available at:http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/282636.php [Accessed 01 January 15].

However when placing this bacteria onto natural fibre textiles the bacteria eventually decomposes of the fibres just leaving the bacteria. 

This is shown within reports of textile manufacturing where micro-organisms can be utilized by man, their activities in relation to textiles are harmful.

The ‘ Natural fibres, being of organic nature, are perishable and their decomposition is a natural phenomenon’

BORYO, D.E.A. , 2013. The Effect of Microbes on Textile Material: A Review on the Way-Out So Far. The International Journal Of Engineering And Science , [Online]. 2 (8), pp. 9-13. Available at:http://www.theijes.com/papers/v2-i8/Part.1/B028109013.pdf [Accessed 01 January 2015].

As shown within my own experiment natural fibres were the most successful in thew growth of human bacteria.

‘Unnatural man-made fibres, like fibres of glass,plastic or polyester, are only slightly affected, even after long exposure.’ 

BORYO, D.E.A. , 2013. The Effect of Microbes on Textile Material: A Review on the Way-Out So Far. The International Journal Of Engineering And Science , [Online]. 2 (8), pp. 9-13. Available at:http://www.theijes.com/papers/v2-i8/Part.1/B028109013.pdf [Accessed 01 January 2015].

Meaning that the sustainability of these fibres is a positive as the bacteria will eventually decompose the fibres organically which is better for the environment and creates no waste. However this also create time constraints as if this material wanted to be used for anything such as medicines and perhaps clothes it would have to be used before it started to completely decompose.

If you wanted to speed up the process Dissanayake suggests ‘ Under the optimal conditions of being buried in the top few inches of a tropical soil or the soil of a cucumber house, all unprotected natural fibres will disintegrate.’

DISSANAYAKE, N P J, 2011. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF FLAX FIBRES. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF FLAX FIBRES FOR THE REINFORCEMENT OF POLYMER MATRIX COMPOSITES, [Online]. 1, 14-29. Available at:http://www.academia.edu/735685/LIFE_CYCLE_ASSESSMENT_OF_FLAX_FIBRES_FOR_THE_REINFORCEMENT_OF_POLYMER_MATRIX_COMPOSITES[Accessed 01 January 2015].

  • ‘As with all microbial activity the factors which influence the development of micro-organisms on textiles are independent. Essentially they are; temperature,moisture, the chemical and physical nature of the materials and, of course, the micro-organism themselves’
  • ‘ Damage to the textile itself by microorganisms can occur at nearly all stages of manufacture. It may range from simple surface growth of mould fungi leading to musty smell and discoloration, a condition known to the trade as ‘mildew’, to the actual decay, or ‘tendering’ by moulds of bacteria, causing loss of tensile strength.’

‘Stains due to coloured spores, or to intracellular or soluble pigments, make the goods unsightly and lead to unevenness in subsequent dyeing’

BORYO, D.E.A. , 2013. The Effect of Microbes on Textile Material: A Review on the Way-Out So Far. The International Journal Of Engineering And Science , [Online]. 2 (8), pp. 9-13. Available at:http://www.theijes.com/papers/v2-i8/Part.1/B028109013.pdf [Accessed 01 January 2015].

 

Due to the nature of this bio-fibre it is’nt fireproof, waterproof and overall quite fragile especially (if combined with a natural fibered textile) when the bacteria has eventually decomposed of the structure of the textile. These are just some of the reasons behind why i don’t think this is a textile that is for fashion based properties/purposes.

Also i feel that the bacteria formed could be unstable and if grown in the wrong environment or just DNA within the bacteria ( from skin ect) that has hereditary records of illnesses or if the person is currently ill wouldn’t  this effect the bacteria differently and might cause further problems rather than healing them?

Also from my own experiments the smell is grotesque and not something i’d like to be near for long, never mind wear.

However further research has brought me to this, which could be answer to this problem:-

Banana Bacteria by Dr. Howard Boland involves genetically replacing the foul odor of E. coli bacteria with the sweet smell of bananas. Originally engineered by scientists at MIT, the genetic design enables the bacteria to synthetically produce banana oil. The development offers new possibilities for the flavoring industry, and also raises the prospect of modified bacteria within humans. For example, bad breath could be cured by an internal, synthetically derived fresh mint smell.”

WGSN, 2013. Design Beyond Making. Grow Your Own…Banana Bacteria, [Online]. 1, 3. Available at:http://www.wgsn.com.arts.idm.oclc.org/content/board_viewer/#/40366/page/3 [Accessed 01 January 2015].

Bibliography

Online Image

Baumel, S, (2009), Bacteria Textile [ONLINE]. Available at: http://www.sonjabaeumel.at/works[Accessed 01 January 15].

Unknown, (2014), Lactocillin [ONLINE]. Available at:http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/282636.php [Accessed 01 January 15].

Book

National Research Council, 2008. Achievements of the National Plant Genome Initiative and New Horizons in Plant Biology . 1st ed. New York: National Academies Press.

Website

Paddock, C PHD. 2014. Antibiotics found in human body bacteria. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/282636.php. [Accessed 14 January 15].

Online Article

BORYO, D.E.A. , 2013. The Effect of Microbes on Textile Material: A Review on the Way-Out So Far. The International Journal Of Engineering And Science , [Online]. 2 (8), pp. 9-13. Available at:http://www.theijes.com/papers/v2-i8/Part.1/B028109013.pdf [Accessed 01 January 2015].

WGSN, 2013. Design Beyond Making. Grow Your Own…Banana Bacteria, [Online]. 1, 3. Available at:http://www.wgsn.com.arts.idm.oclc.org/content/board_viewer/#/40366/page/3 [Accessed 01 January 2015].

DISSANAYAKE, N P J, 2011. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF FLAX FIBRES. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF FLAX FIBRES FOR THE REINFORCEMENT OF POLYMER MATRIX COMPOSITES, [Online]. 1, 14-29. Available at:http://www.academia.edu/735685/LIFE_CYCLE_ASSESSMENT_OF_FLAX_FIBRES_FOR_THE_REINFORCEMENT_OF_POLYMER_MATRIX_COMPOSITES[Accessed 01 January 2015].

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